Collateralized Bond Obligation (CBO) – Definition
A collateralized Bond Obligation (CBO) investment-grade bond backed by a pool of junk bonds. And junk bonds its typically not investment grade.
It because the pool includes several types of credit quality bonds together from multiple issuers. They offer enough diversification it structures as “investment grade.”
And collateralized bond obligations are similar in structure to the collateralized mortgage obligation (CMO).
But different in that CBOs represent different credit risk levels from bond issuers, not from a pool of mortgages.
How Understanding the Collateralized Mortgage Obligations (CMO)?
- Collateralized mortgage obligations consist of several tranches and groups of mortgages, organized by the risk profiles.
- For example, complex financial instruments, tranches typically have different principal balances, interest rates, maturity dates, and potential repayment defaults.
- And collateralize mortgage obligations its sensitivity to interest rate changes as well as to changes in economic conditions.
- It illustrates, imagines the investor takes the CMO to complete up thousands of mortgages. And the potential for profit bases on whether the mortgage holders repay the mortgages.
- If only a few homeowners default on the mortgages and the rest make payments as expected. And the investor recoups its principal as well as interest.
- Also, in contrast, if thousands of people cannot make the mortgage payments. Also, it goes into foreclosure, the CMO loses money and cannot pay the investor. Investors in CMOS.
- Sometimes it refers to real estate mortgage Investment Conduits (REMICs). They want to obtain access to mortgage cash flows without taking to originate and purchase the set of mortgages.
What are the Differences between Collateralized Mortgage Obligations and Collateralized Debt Obligations?
- Like CMOs, collateralized debt obligations (CDOs) consist of loans and bundled together and sold as the investment vehicle.
- However, whereas CMOS only contains mortgages, CDOs cover the range of loans such as car loans, credit cards, commercial loans, and even mortgages.
What is Collateralized Mortgage Obligations and the Global Financial Crisis?
- The CMOS remains complex, and it involves many different mortgages. For many reasons, investors were extra likely to focus on the income streams it offered CMOS slightly than the health of the underlying mortgages themselves.
- And a result, many investors purchased CMOS full of subprime mortgages, adjustable-rate mortgages, mortgages.
- It detains borrowers whose income remains unverified during the application process and other risky mortgages with high default risks.
- Its CDOs and CMOs peaked in 2007 just before the global financial crisis, and the values fell sharply after that time. For example, at its peak in 2007.